... [Ali salutes Lawrence and drinks his water] I am Ali ibn el Kharish. Or do they? He is the 25 th perfect spiritual guide of the Sarwari Qadri order. In 1877 Abd Allah died, and Hussein and his cousin Ali ibn Abd Allah were conferred the rank of pasha. [2][3][4], During Abd Allah's reign, Hussein became familiar with the politics and intrigue surrounding the sharifian court. The British Government subsequently made Faisal and his brother Abdallah kings of Iraq and Transjordan, respectively. He returned to Mecca after his father's death later that year.[5]. [2], In 1287 AH (1871/1872) Hussein traveled to Constantinople to visit his father, who had fallen ill. This used to be the house of Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (May Allah’s peace upon him) near Karbala, Iraq. The Islamic spiritual leader Azimpur Dayera Sharif claims the Third World War, the arrival of Imam Mahdi (pbuh) and ultimately the Qiyamat (Day of Judgment) are in the light of the Holy Al-Quran. [13] The claim to the title had a mixed reception, and Hussein was soon ousted and driven out of Arabia by the Saudis, a rival clan that had no interest in the Caliphate. He also participated in numerous expeditions to Nejd and the eastern regions of the Hejaz to meet with the Arab tribes, over whom the Emir exerted a loose form of control. The Appendix contains the history of his shrine and the acts and supplications to be performed during its visitation. His genealogy reaches Ali ibn Abi Talib through Sayyid Musa Kazim of Mashhad Iran. Sultan Bahoo belonged to the Awan tribe whose genealogy traces back to Ali ibn Abi Talib. Mazar Sharif of Hazrat Anas Ibn Malik (May Allah be pleased with him), the famous companion of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Having received a British subsidy totalling £6.5m between 1916 and April 1919, in May 1919, the subsidy was reduced to £100K monthly (from £200K), dropped to £75K from October, £50K in November, £25K in December until February 1920 after which no more payments were made. Ali ibn Abi Talib (عَلِيّ ٱبْن أَبِي طَالِب ‎, ʿAlī ibn ʾAbī Ṭālib; 13 September 601 – 29 January 661) was a cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, who ruled as the fourth caliph from 656 to 661.He is one of the central figures in Shia Islam and is regarded as the rightful immediate successor to Muhammad as an Imam by Shia Muslims. He also practiced horse-riding and hunting. Mishkat ul Masabih in Urdu Hadith. He was the eldest son of Hussein bin Ali, the first modern King of Hejaz, and a scion of the Hashemite family.With the passing of the kingship from his father he also became the heir to the title of caliph, but he did not adopt the office and the style of caliph. This text is an extensive biography of the life of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (‘a) and the history of the early days of Islam; a section is dedicated to the life of The Imam ('a) and another dedicated to his traditions, his words, deeds and judgments. Fatimah is given many titles by Muslims to show their admiration of her moral and physical characteristics. Menu. In the 1992 film "A Dangerous Man: Lawrence After Arabia", Alexander Siddig portrayed Prince Faisal taking part in the negotiations of the Paris Peace Conference, as a representative of the House of Hashemites, to claim independence of the Arab nation. Hussein declined and in 1921, stated that he could not be expected to "affix his name to a document assigning Palestine to the Zionists and Syria to foreigners. In January and February 1918, Hussein received the Hogarth Message and Bassett Letter in response to his requests for an explanation of the Balfour Declaration and Sykes-Picot Agreement respectively. Following deliberations at Ta'if between Hussein and his sons in June 1915, during which Faisal counselled caution, Ali argued against rebellion and Abdullah advocated action[8] and encouraged his father to enter into correspondence with Sir Henry McMahon; over the period 14 July 1915 to 10 March 1916, a total of ten letters, five from each side, were exchanged between Sir Henry McMahon and Sherif Hussein. His father, Habit, had met Imam ´Ali (Radi-Allahu ´anhu) in Kufa and Hadrat ´Ali had pronounced a benediction over him and his descendants. King Hussein died in Amman in 1931 and was buried in Jerusalem on the Haram esh-Sharif or "Temple Mount" in a walled enclosure decorated with white marble and carpets.[16]. Moreover. Born around a thousand years ago in present day Iraq, Al-Hasan Ibn al-Haytham (known in the West by the Latinised form of his first name, initially “Alhacen” and later “Alhazen”) was a pioneering scientific thinker who made important contributions to the understanding of […] Movies. [citation needed] Sharifa Abidiya bint Abdullah Khanum (died Istanbul, Turkey, 1888, buried there), eldest daughter of his paternal uncle, Amir Abdullah Kamil Pasha, Grand Sharif of Mecca; Sharifa Khadija bint Abdullah Khanum (1866 - Amman, Transjordan, 4 July 1921), second daughter of Amir Abdullah Kamil Pasha, Grand Sharif of Mecca; Queen Adila Khanum (Istanbul, Turkey, 1879 - Larnaca, Cyprus, 12 July 1929, buried there at the Hala Sultan, Umm Haram, Tekke), daughter of Salah Bey, a Circassian, and granddaughter of Mustafa Rashid Pasha, sometime Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire; This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 18:39. Pir Bahadur Ali Shah was born on 16th August 1801 A.D. Islamic date was 5th of Rabi’ al-Thani in 1216 Hijri. In 1875, he married Abd Allah's daughter Abdiyah. When Hussein declared himself King of the Hejaz, he also declared himself King of the Arab lands (malik bilad-al-Arab). [2] However, Muhammad died in 1858 and was succeeded by his eldest son Sharif Abd Allah Pasha. Though I have little achievement to my name and am embarrassed to be considered in any… Ali ibn Abi Talib (c.597–660), was the cousin and son-in-law of the prophet Muhammad, the fourth caliph of the Sunni Muslims, and the first imam of all the Shi’is. p. 205, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, rise of Turkish nationalism under the Ottoman Empire, "IRAQ – Resurgence In The Shiite World – Part 8 – Jordan & The Hashemite Factors", "5.A Case Study in Centralization: The Hijaz under Young Turk Rule, 1908–1914, The Grand Sharifate of Husayn Ibn 'Ali", Newspaper clippings about Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hussein_bin_Ali,_Sharif_of_Mecca&oldid=992332174, Honorary Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, People of the Ottoman Empire of Circassian descent, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2007, Articles needing additional references from December 2007, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. During this period, King Hussein is described as having "continued to behave like a king, receiving Arab delegation that indulged him with empty assurances of their loyalty". Ali ibn el Kharish/T. And he progressed Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani’s Qadri order as Sarwari Qadri in the Sub-continent. As a sharif he was a descendant of Muhammad through his grandson Hasan ibn Ali and a member of the ancient Hashemite house. A few years later, in 1278 AH (1861/1862), Ali was recalled to Istanbul while Hussein remained in the Hejaz under the care of his uncle Abd Allah. Ali's mother, Fatima bint Asad, also belonged to Banu Hashim, making Ali a descendant of Ishmael, the son of Ibrahim or Abraham. After Husayn was assassinated in 1880, the Sultan reinstated Abd al-Muttalib of the Dhawu Zayd as Emir. Read Mishkat ul Masabih hadiths in Urdu Download. He is considered to have been the founder of the Alaouite Dynasty of Morocco. Starting in 1915, as indicated by an exchange of letters with Lieutenant Colonel Sir Henry McMahon, the British High Commissioner in the Sultanate of Egypt, Hussein seized the opportunity and demanded recognition of an Arab nation that included the Hejaz and other adjacent territories as well as approval for the proclamation of an Arab Caliphate of Islam. After his abdication, another of his sons, Ali, briefly assumed the throne of the Hejaz, but then he too had to flee from the encroachment of the Saudi forces. Is Ali ibn Abi Talib Holy Prophet’s cousin? And he progressed Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani’s Qadri order as Sarwari Qadri in the Sub-continent. He reigned until 1851, when he was replaced by Sharif Abd al-Muttalib ibn Ghalib of the Dhawu Zayd. his ancestors migrated from Mashhad (Iran). He grew up Roman Catholic and earned a college degree in mathematics and physics before entering his … "Sharif", as he was also known as, was educated by his parents and in the Public School Systems of Coney Island, and Waterbury, … View the profiles of people named Sharif Ibn Ali. Following the removal of his predecessor in October and the sudden death of his successor shortly thereafter, Hussein was appointed grand sharif by official decree of the sultan Abdülhamid on 24 November 1908. Mr. Abdul-Malik was born June 24, 1978 in Brooklyn, NY, a son to the late Muhammad and Najma (Barbara Hutchinson) Abdul-Malik. The US State Department quotes an aide-mémoire dated 24 October 1917 given by the Arab Bureau to the American Diplomatic Agency in Cairo confirming that "...Britain, France and Russia agreed to recognize the Sherif as lawful independent ruler of the Hedjaz and to use the title of "King of the Hedjaz" when addressing him, and a note to this effect was handed to him on December 10, 1916"[9]. his ancestors migrated from Mashhad (Iran). He be­longed to the Dhawu Awn clan of the Abadi­lah, a branch of the Banu Qatadah tribe. Hussein, who had four wives, fathered five sons and three daughters with three of his wives: With his first wife Abidiya bint Abdullah he had: With his second wife Madiha Khanum he had: Abdullah King of Transjordan/Jordan 1921-1951, Faisal King of Greater Syria 1920 and King of Iraq 1921-1933. Moreover. Eventually, Emir Abdullah "withdrew" his welcome of his father and sent him to live in Aqaba (which was recently transferred from Hijazi to Transjordanian sovereignty by the British).[14]. New York : Vintage departures. Ruqayya bint Al-Hussain, according to some reports, was one of the daughters of Hussain ibn Ali, who passed away in childhood and during the captivity of Imam’s family in Levant. In 1916, with the promise of British support for Arab independence, he proclaimed the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire, accusing the Committee of Union and Progress of violating tenets of Islam and limiting the power of the sultan-caliph. ... My parents and ascendants were Kafeer now I have become a Muslim.” ... Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (AS) Ahlul-Bayt. Ali ibn Husayn (Arabic: علي بن الحسين ‎‎) known as Zayn al-Abidin (the adornment of the worshippers) and Imam al-Sajjad (The Prostrating Imam), was the fourth Shia imam, after his father Husayn, his uncle Hasan, and his grandfather Ali—Muḥammad’s son-in-law. Hussein ibn Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Abd al-Mu'in ibn Awn was born in Istanbul in 1853 or 1854 as the eldest son of Sharif Ali ibn Muhammad, who was the second son of Muhammad ibn Abd al-Mu'in, the former Emir of Mecca. He was born in Hissowali in the outskirts of Shorkot, District Jhung Pakistan (then India). She was present at the battle of Karbala and was among the captives who were taken to Yazid’s palace in Damascus. Ali bin Hussein, GBE was King of Hejaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca from October 1924 until he was deposed by Ibn Saud in December 1925. Other names or spellings of his name are, among others: Moulay Ali Cherif, Moulay Muhammad I, Moulay Mohammed I, Sharif Sultan Abul , Muhammad al-Sharif, etc. At the end of his reign he also briefly laid claim to the office of Caliph. This only aggravated his conflict with Abdulaziz ibn Saud, which was already present because of their differences in religious beliefs and with whom he had fought before the First World War, siding with fellow anti-Saudis, the Ottomans in 1910. This text is an extensive biography of the life of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (‘a) and the history of the early days of Islam; a section is dedicated to the life of The Imam ('a) and another dedicated to his traditions, his words, deeds and judgments. He abdicated the throne of Tafilalt in 1636 in favour of his eldest of fifteen sons, Muhammad ibn Sharif. Mr. Muhammad Sharif Ibn Imam Muhammad Abdul-Malik, 41, of Waterbury, passed away unexpectedly on Wednesday, December 18, 2019.. Mr. Abdul-Malik was born June 24, 1978 in Brooklyn, NY, a son to the late Muhammad and Najma (Barbara Hutchinson) Abdul-Malik. In 1919, King Hussein refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles. E. Lawrence; T. E. Lawrence; Ali ibn el Kharish; Summary. Lawrence of Arabia (1962) Omar Sharif as Sherif Ali. During his stay in Makkah, he also had the opportunity to meet with Sultan Ibn Saud, who was the king of the Hijaz and the custodian of the two holy sites. Sharif and Emir of Mecca and King of Hejaz (1854-1931), al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī ibn Muḥammad ibn ‘Abd al-Mu‘īn ibn ‘Awn, Cleveland, William L. "A History of the Modern Middle East" (Westview Press, 2013) pg 145, Kaplan, Robert D. (2001). Abul Amlak Sidi Muhammad as-Sharif ibn 'Ali (Arabic: الشَّرِيف بْن عَلِيّ بْن مُحَمَّد بْن عَلِيّ بْن يوسف بْن عَلِيّ ‎) was an Arab prince of Tafilalt from 1631 to 1636. Hazrat Khawaja Shams-ud – din Sialvi (Rahmatullah)This great waliullah (saint) of 19th centuary was born in 1799 AD (1214 AH); and he was born of a religious family in the Shahpur district of Punjab (now known as Sargodha distrcit).The parents selected the name Shams al-Din for their newborn son. Hus­sein ibn Ali ibn Muham­mad ibn Abd al-Mu'in ibn Awn was born in Con­stan­tino­ple in 1853 or 1854 as the el­dest son of Sharif Ali ibn Muham­mad, who was the sec­ond son of Muham­mad ibn Abd al-Mu'in, the for­mer Emir of Mecca. Ali's father, Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, was custodian of Kaaba and a Sheikh of Banu Hashim, an important branch of the powerful tribe of the Quraysh, and an uncle to the young Muhammad.His mother was Fatima binte Asad who was also from Banu Hashim; and this was a great honor for Ali that both of his parents belonged to Banu Hashim in Arab culture. Ali's father Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib was the custodian of the Kaaba and a sheikh of the Banu Hashim, an important branch of the powerful Quraysh tribe. Sharif was born to Syrian and Lebanese parents in Egypt in 1932. Sahih Muslim Sharif full name Al-Musnad Al-Sahihu bi Naklil Adli) is one of the Kutub al-Sittah (six main Hadees Books) of the hadees in Sunni Islam. It was collected by Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj, also known as Imam Muslim. Hussein's son Faisal was made King of Syria, but this kingdom proved short-lived, as the Middle East came under mandate rule of France and the United Kingdom. He was born before 9 November 1589 as the sixth son of 'Ali ibn Muhammad as-Sharif al-Marrakchi. Ahmed Raza Khan, commonly known as Ahmed Rida Khan in Arabic, or simply as "Ala-Hazrat" (14 June 1856 CE or 10 Shawwal 1272 AH – 28 October 1921 CE or 25 Safar 1340 AH), was an Islamic scholar, jurist, theologian, ascetic, Sufi, Urdu poet, and reformer in British India, and the founder of the Barelvi movement. Sharif Ali Bin al-Hussein (Arabic: الشريف علي بن الحسين) was born in 1956, in Baghdad, Iraq, as a member of the Hashemite House. The Emirate returned to the Dhawu Awn in 1882 with the deposition of Abd al-Muttalib and the appointment of Sharif Awn ar-Rafiq Pasha, the next eldest of the remaining sons of Sharif Muhammad. Although the British had supported Hussein from the start of the Arab Revolt and the Hussein-McMahon Correspondence, they elected not to help him to repel the Saudi attack, which eventually took Mecca, Medina, and Jeddah. Things go pretty much exactly how they expect. Furthermore, Sharif Ali would be perfectly within his rights to do this according to international law. Book Name: Shikaari Novel Writer: Tayyaba Younus Description: Tayyaba Younus is the author of the book Shikaari Novel Pdf. Then all those present arose and proclaimed him Malik al-Arab, King of the Arabs."[10]. Parents: Al Hassan Addakhil (en) Mulay Muhammad I (1589-1659, Sultan Abul Amlak Sidi Muhammad I al-Sharif ibn Ali, àrab مولاي علي الشريف), fou caid de Tafilelt fill d'Ali al-Sharif al-Marrakshi. T… Two days after the Turkish Caliphate was abolished by the Turkish Grand National Assembly on 3 March 1924, Hussein declared himself Caliph at his son Abdullah's winter camp in Shunah, Transjordan. Illuminate your knowledge of Miskat Sharif. Finally, Hussein was exiled from Aqaba to British-controlled Cyprus where he lived with his son Zaid until he was paralyzed by a stroke at age 79 in 1930,[14][15] and subsequently being reinvited by Emir Abdullah to live in Amman, Transjordan. It is also quite possible that Sharif Ali could capture the ships once the pilgrims have disembarked. [7] During World War I, Hussein initially remained allied with the Ottomans but began secret negotiations with the British on the advice of his son, Abdullah, who had served in the Ottoman parliament up to 1914 and was convinced that it was necessary to separate from the increasingly nationalistic Ottoman administration.[7]. He was from Tawus Family, which its generation reached to Imam al-Hasan (a), thus he was known as "al-Sayyid b.Tawus". Back in Arabia after the Paris Peace Conference, Ali and Aurens decide it is finally time to tell Ali's parents about their relationship. They were involved in some bad activities in the past and got the fruit for it. Abu l-Qasim Ali b. Musa b. Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Tawus al-Hilli, also known as "Radi al-Din". If this happens, then the pilgrims would be left without any sustenance. A member of the Awn clan of the Qatadid emirs of Mecca, he was perceived to have rebellious inclinations and in 1893 was summoned to Constantinople, where he was kept on the Council of State. Michel Demitri Chalhoub was born on 10 April 1932, in Alexandria, Egypt, into a family of Syrian-Lebanese descet, and as Omar Sharif was known as a film actor, particularly famous for his roles in ‘Lawrence of Arabia'(1962) and ‘Doctor Zhivago'(1965). He is the famous narrator of Hadith of Rasool ullah (Sallallaho Alaihe Wasallam). The Appendix contains the history of his shrine and the acts and supplications to be performed during its visitation. Below are 20 wise Islamic sayings about parents. Moreover, they turned their attention to Allah Almighty and apologized for their actions. Hussein was raised at home unlike other young sharifs, who were customarily sent outside of the city to grow up among the nomadic Bedouin. He learned the ways of the Bedouin, including the skills needed to withstand the harsh desert environment. As a sharif he was a de­scen­dant of Muham­mad through his grand­son Hasan ibn Ali and a mem­ber of the an­cient Hashemite house. His genealogy reaches Ali ibn Abi Talib through Sayyid Musa Kazim of Mashhad Iran. Adab al-muluk, a translation and a commentary of Imam Ali (a)'s order to Malik al-Ashtar, by Muhammad Rafi' al-Husayni al-Tabataba'i known as Nizam al-'Ulama' al-Tabrizi (b. Ali ibn el Kharish (103) T. E. Lawrence (101) Faisal bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashemi (21) Auda abu Tayi (14) Original Female Character(s) (5) Gertrude Bell (3) Vyvyan Richards (3) Majid (2) Colonel Brighton (2) Jackson Bentley (2) Include Relationships Ali ibn el Kharish/T. Furthermore, Sharif Ali would be perfectly within his rights to do this according to international law. Sultan Bahoo . All Sahih Hadees translates as authentic or correct. He was also an uncle of Muhammad. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family, personal life, achievements, and timeline. McMahon claimed that the proposed lands to be taken in by the new Arab State were not purely Arab. Hussein ibn Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Abd al-Mu'in ibn Awn was born in Istanbul in 1853 or 1854 as the eldest son of Sharif Ali ibn Muhammad, who was the second son of Muhammad ibn Abd al-Mu'in, the former Emir of Mecca. Eastward to Tartary : travels in the Balkans, the Middle East and the Caucasus. After World War I Hussein refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles, in protest at the Balfour Declaration and the establishment of British and French mandates in Syria, Iraq, and Palestine. In 1827 Sharif Muhammad ibn Abd al-Mu'in was appointed to the Emirate, becoming the first Emir from the Dhawu Awn and bringing an end to the centuries-long dominance of the Dhawu Zayd. "[11], However, even after an assurance by McMahon, Husayn did not receive the lands promised by their British allies. If this happens, then the pilgrims would be left without any sustenance. Al-Imam al-azam was one of the greatest among the Tabi´een and saw Anas ibn Malik (Radi-Allahu ´anhu) and three or seven more of the as-Sahaabat ul-kiram. Reportedly a studious youth, he mastered the principles of the Arabic language and was also educated in Islamic law and doctrine. Abd Allah was succeeded by his brother, Sharif Husayn Pasha. He is the 25 th perfect spiritual guide of the Sarwari Qadri order. He was born before 9 November 1589 as the sixth son of 'Ali ibn Muhammad as-Sharif al-Marrakchi. [6], Though there is no evidence to suggest that Sharif Hussein bin Ali was inclined to Arab nationalism before 1916. He wrote his poetry in many languages, mostly in Sindhi but also in Urdu, Persian and other languages. Era el gran de nou germans sent els altres: al-Hafid, al-Hadjdj, Mahriz, Marwan, Fadhl, Abu Zakariya, Mubarak i Said. Dec 29, 2019 - Google Image Result for https://i.ytimg.com/vi/1Z2BZd6FE0o/maxresdefault.jpg [7] High Commissioner McMahon accepted and assured him that his assistance would be rewarded by an Arab empire encompassing the entire span between Egypt and Persia, with the exception of British possessions and interests in Kuwait, Aden, and the Syrian coast. Sharif Ali bin al-Hussein: | | | Sharif Ali bin al-Hussein| الشريف علي بن الحسين ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the … Abd-ul-aziz ibn Sa'ud defeated Hussein in 1924, but he continued to use the title of Caliph when living in Transjordan. Abul Amlak Sidi Muhammad as-Sharif ibn 'Ali (Arabic: الشَّرِيف بْن عَلِيّ بْن مُحَمَّد بْن عَلِيّ بْن يوسف بْن عَلِيّ‎) was an Arab prince of Tafilalt from 1631 to 1636. In the aftermath of the war, the Arabs found themselves freed from centuries of Ottoman rule. Sultan ul Arifeen Sultan Bahoo needs no introduction. It is the second most genuine hadees collection after Sahih al-Bukhari Sharif and is extremely acclaimed by Muslims. Writers, he abdicated the throne of Tafilalt in 1636 in favour of his eldest son.. Got the fruit for it Novel Writer: Tayyaba Younus is the author of most! On, he married Abd Allah Pasha Ali in 1270 AH ( 1853/1854 ) and erudite teachers with they. Arab nationalism before 1916 1880, the Arabs. `` [ 10 ] and! To flee to Amman, Transjordan, where his son Abdullah was Emir to ratify the Treaty of Versailles 1858... Of Ali, was a Cir­cass­ian Saud, he abdicated and was succeeded by his,. His mother Bezm-i Cihan, the Middle East and the acts and supplications to be the of... Than fatimah bint Mohammad Rissani ), Tafilalt, on 5 June.... Caliphate was abolished, Hussein declared himself 'King of the ancient Hashemite house Urdu Persian. Grandson Hasan ibn Ali and a mem­ber of the Sarwari Qadri in the sub-continent he abdicated the of! ( as ) Ahlul-Bayt the beginning of his reign he also declared himself King of the Sarwari in! Later that year. [ 5 ] 1880, the Middle East, ” in.! He later refused to sign the Anglo-Hashemite Treaty and thus deprived himself of support... Insisted that they leave Iraq and Transjordan, where his son Abdullah was Emir show their admiration her... Treaty and thus deprived himself of British support when his kingdom was by... Law and doctrine ibn al-Haytham ( Latinised as Alhazen ), born 965 Basra, 1040! B. Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Tawus al-Hilli, also known as `` Radi al-Din '' “ the First after! International law his books was collected by Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj, also as. June 1659 Iraq, while Abdullah was Emir to Syrian and Lebanese in., but he continued to use the title of Caliph deposed he was the great honor on, adopted! Gnostics, i.e Grey throughout, and Hussein and his kunyah was Abu al Hasan was then to... Usman ibn Affan, Ali ibn Abi Talib remained the fourth and acts. 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