Mar 12, 2016 - Explore Susan Fulmer's board "Historical Political Cartoons", followed by 281 people on Pinterest. 10 Qs . The President’s Commission on Campaign Costs released its report in April 1962 while the off-year election for House and Senate seats was underway. Russia put cosmonauts on the moon . It depicts Cornelius "the Commodore" Vanderbilt and the sign reads "all freight leaving the seaboard MUST pass here and pay any tolls we demand". Herbert L. Block Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (004.03.00) [LC-DIG-hlb-05631] © Herb Block Foundation, Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/herblock-looks-at-1962-part2.html#obj004_3. Herbert L. Block Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (006.02.00) [Digital ID # LC-DIG-hlb-05703] © Herb Block Foundation, Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/herblock-looks-at-1962.html#obj006. 2.8k plays . I Said, You DO Have Your Hearing Aid Turned On, Sir, Don't You? In October 1962, James Meredith, an African American who believed that “a greater use should be made of the Negro potential,” enrolled at the segregated University of Mississippi in Oxford. Detente. President Kennedy’s policies, including what came to be known as “Medicare,” went under the umbrella term “New Frontier.” In 1962, most insurers did not cover people older than sixty-five, many of whom were too poor to pay for private care. Herbert L. Block Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (002.02.00) [Digital ID # LC-DIG-hlb-5537] © Herb Block Foundation, Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/herblock-looks-at-1962.html#obj002. See more ideas about cold war, political cartoons, war. Atom” in 1946 to visualize the threat of nuclear annihilation omnipresent during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States from 1945 to 1990. In his support of the Supreme Court, President Kennedy encouraged Americans to pray privately, which further fueled the congressional backlash. The Harold Talburt Cartoons contain 858 original editorial cartoons from the years 1949-1952 and 1962. SURVEY . It implies that each nation is simply a mirror image of the other and that both are equally harmful and destructive. carbonated) water (labeled "NYET") in the face of another diplomat (labeled "UN"). The title, “Other Foreign News,” and the students’ sign reading “Go Home American,” expressed Herblock’s belief that violent racists behaved as if they were exempt from the laws that governed the United States. “It Looks Like a Real Free-For-All.” Published in the Washington Post, July 22, 1962. Glasnost. Detente. Herblock depicted President John F. Kennedy riding an angry Texas longhorn, while a reporter inquires about the president’s role in the Texas gubernatorial primary. This selection of documents illustrates some 40 years of international tensions between West and East, during which time the world teetered on the brink of nuclear war on several occasions. Herbert L. Block Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (004.02.00) [Digital ID # LC-DIG-hlb-05592] © Herb Block Foundation, Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/herblock-looks-at-1962.html#obj004. Question 6. During the Cold War, nations that adopted a policy of nonalignment believed they should. Herblock shares a voice with the law’s critics, which included the American Civil Liberties Union, and uses the reference to George Orwell’s 1984 to express his belief in the importance of the right to freedom as expressed in the Bill of Rights. “You Really Think You Can Charm Those Birds?” 1962. Ink brush, graphite and opaque white over graphite underdrawing. The Cuban Missile Crisis, as it came to be known, was a moment in the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States when détente almost reached the breaking point. Animation scholars have been aware of a few pieces of a strange looking puzzle, but nothing began to make much sense until Frances Stoner Saunders published The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters in 2000. Herbert L. Block Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (003.03.00) [LC-DIG-hlb-05646] © Herb Block Foundation, Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/herblock-looks-at-1962-part2.html#obj003_3. President John F. Kennedy, on a department store television in 1962, announces the Cuban blockade during the Cuban Missile Crisis, a defining moment in the Cold War… Herblock criticized Congress’s proposal to mandate school prayer in this caricature of Senator James Glenn Beall of Maryland who led the call for an amendment to require school prayer. Cold War > Caricatures and cartoons. answer choices . Initially Republicans resisted Medicare, but by May 1962, when the off-year election campaign began to heat up, some began to compromise. Both superpowers spent millions developing space-capable rockets, putting artificial satellites into orbit, designing and building orbiter ships, training astronauts, launching manned space missions and, eventually, attempting to land men on the Moon and bring them home safely. Brinkmanship. Soviet-American relations, tense during the Cold War, came to a head in October 1962 during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Herbert L. Block Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (005.02.00) [Digital ID # LC-DIG-hlb-5620] © Herb Block Foundation, Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/herblock-looks-at-1962.html#obj005. A public phenomenon. Ink brush and graphite over graphite underdrawing. Vichy from Vishy 1 drawing. Cold War in popular culture. Herbert L. Block Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (010.02.00) [Digital ID # LC-DIG-hlb-05717] © Herb Block Foundation, Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/herblock-looks-at-1962.html#obj010, About | Herbert Block depicts Khrushchev as an equal of President Kennedy in struggling to contain nuclear war. “I May Still Have to Rely on Reckless Inaction,” 1962. Destruction of the Berlin Wall. “Just a Few More Shots and Then We Can Go On the Wagon Again,” 1962. He used Mr. Atom repeatedly in 1962 when Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev challenged American president John F. Kennedy. Nov 25, 2016 - Explore Angela Funk's board "Cold War Political Cartoons" on Pinterest. Communist threat after World War II. ... What Cold War policy is depicted in this 1962 cartoon? Herblock, paraphrasing Shakespeare’s Henry V, depicts Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev endangering world peace. Reflects the view that vetoes by the Soviet government are obstructing the work of the UN. Herblock showed Meredith studying despite the taunts of white students. Use the cartoon and your knowledge of U.S. history to answer the question below. In retaliation, the United States aimed nuclear missiles in Turkey at the Soviet Union. It mandated that American industry benefit the American people. “Hello—ORwell 1984?” 1962. Even with the publication of her book, it wasnt clear that animation ha… 16. answer choices . Herblock used a precarious canoe ride to convey the difficulties of balancing the federal budget without tax reform. US History . For the 1962 election campaign, Herblock used the metaphor of a door-to-door brush salesman whose patter goes unheeded, because he felt that the political races had bored voters into tuning out. By illustrating a waving flag with a dollar sign above the United States flag, Herblock showed that he agreed with President John F. Kennedy—an increase in the price of steel in 1962 would put business profits ahead of the American people’s need for national security and a stable economy. Liberal Democratic congressional leaders threatened to hold Congress in session until October. The Democratic Party donkey and the Republic Party elephant duck for cover from the flying knives in the Senate. The Cold War was the tense relationship between the US and the USSR and their allies which emerged after the Second World War. Exhibition dates: March 20, 2012–September 15, 2012. The Democratic Party donkey and the Republic Party elephant duck for cover from the flying knives in the Senate. Our countrys use of animated propaganda during WWII is fairly well known, but propaganda made after the Iron Curtain went up is rarely seen or discussed. External Link Disclaimer | When the Supreme Court ruled against state-mandated school prayer in public schools in 1962 in the case of Engel v. Vitale, several Congressmen protested the decision. Published in the Washington Post, January 9, 1962. Published in the Washington Post, October 26, 1962. Herblock uses the soldier here to sound a warning that the United States appeared to be on a path toward full-scale war and to offer the promise that backing out remained an option. From the Berlin Blockade to the Euromissiles crisis, find out about the major international crises of the Cold War. This poster, which appears on the front cover of David Crowley’s “Posters of the Cold War” book, depicts the USA and USSR, side-by-side, as identical Superman characters. 15. Cuban Missile Crisis. USA.gov, Herblock Looks at 1962: Fifty Years Ago in Editorial Cartoons, Flag with dollar sign flies above the United States flag at a steel factory, Wait a Minute—That's Not What I Had in Mind, Leaving Religion to Private Initiative Is Un-American. The Soviet Union aimed nuclear missiles at the United States from Cuba. Medicare did not become law until 1965. Herbert L. Block Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (007.03.00) [LC-DIG-hlb-05597] © Herb Block Foundation, Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/herblock-looks-at-1962-part2.html#obj007_3. Containment. The 1962 mid-term election served as a referendum on Kennedy’s New Frontier program, with record numbers of African Americans enrolled as voters. (Published in England as Who Paid the Piper?) Published in the Washington Post, June 14, 1962. Berlin Airlift. Accessibility | Containment. Inspector General | On October 22, 1962, President John F. Kennedy instituted a shipping quarantine around Cuba in response to the Soviet build-up of nuclear missiles on that island. Herbert L. Block Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (009.02.00) [Digital ID # LC-DIG-hlb-05558] © Herb Block Foundation, Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/herblock-looks-at-1962.html#obj009. Ink brush, graphite, and opaque white over graphite underdrawing. Students can research and compare and contrast the problems that Russia faced after the collapse to the state of Russia today. The Cuban Missile Crisis in Political Cartoons Most American politicians and journalists during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the most serious U.S.-Soviet confrontation, were severely critical of the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. Published in the Washington Post, October 28, 1962. Ink brush, graphite and opaque white over graphite underdrawing. On June 15, 1962, after two days of debate, Congress approved President Kennedy’s request to increase the American debt ceiling by $8 billion to $308 billion. Feature Article: Sputnik Launches (1945-1962 Era), Feature Article 2: The Tet Offensive (1963-1979 Era), Political Cartoons - The Sputnik Launch and Cuban Missile Crisis, Pictures - The Fall of the Berlin Wall, Sputnik & The Tet Offensive, Nixon's Visit to Red China (1963-1979 Era). Cold War in popular culture. Influenced by British economist John Maynard Keynes, Kennedy believed that tax cuts could reinvigorate the stagnant American economy and pushed Congress to introduce reforms. You Really Think You Can Charm Those Birds? JFK came to office at a period in which American-Soviet relations were at their most strained, a tension which would eventually erupt in the form of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Ink brush, graphite, and opaque white over graphite underdrawing. In 1962, John B. Connally, Jr., (a supporter of Vice President Lyndon Johnson), faced Don Yarborough, a Democratic Party candidate who embodied Kennedy’s liberal vision. “Son, Let’s Not Be Too Dogmatic About This,” 1962. Block’s career illustrated the power of political cartoons to influence opinions. “Once More Unto the Brink, Once More,” 1962. Published in the Washington Post, April 1, 1962. Finally, the solution to this problem is more organizations like NASA that will develop America's scientific technology and also educate students and teachers to rid of the unnecessary 'education lag'. Ink brush, graphite, and opaque white over graphite underdrawing. Today, John F. Kennedy is often portrayed as a heroic president, but fifty years ago many Americans resisted his new policies. In 1962, when Republicans balked at voting for the increase and told the Kennedy administration to prune its budget, the Democrats threatened to take half of the reduction from the Department of Defense, compelling a Republican compromise. Civil Rights advocates argued that the Senate Rules Committee blocked key bills through the use of the filibuster. Exhibition dates: September 22, 2012–March 23, 2013. “I Understand You Plan to Sit Out This Dilemma.” Published in the Washington Post, May 9, 1962. Ink brush, graphite, and opaque white over graphite underdrawing. “I Said, You DO Have Your Hearing Aid Turned On, Sir, Don't You?” Published in the Washington Post, October 12, 1962. During the second year of his presidency in 1962, President John F. Kennedy (1917–1963) pushed his national and international agenda. As the United States resumed atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons in response to the Soviet’s nuclear testing in the fall of 1961, the Soviet Union declared that they would test yet more weapons. Ink brush, graphite, and opaque white over graphite underdrawing. Ink brush, graphite, and opaque white over graphite underdrawing. “How Soon Do You Think We Can Get Away from Here and Still Come Back Next Year?” Published in the Washington Post, July 25, 1962. The doomsday clock, created by atomic scientists in 1941, symbolizes the tension between countries that could lead to nuclear annihilation—the closer the clock is to midnight, the closer the perceived possibility of nuclear disaster. “Clock, Anyone?” 1962. Which event of the 1950s most likely led to the publication of this cartoon? The phrase was the name of a top-secret campaign by the CIA, Pentagon and other agencies that encouraged studios to insert the theme of freedom into our movies in the mid-50s. The main aim of the Space Race was to achieve technological superiority. Under the Communications Act of 1934, evidence obtained by the federal government via wiretapping, even under warrant, could not be used in federal court. Herblock advocated campaign finance reform by showing a man, representing new legislation, opening a window to bring transparency to backroom politics. COLD WAR POLITICAL CARTOONS Social Studies 9 Title: Our Attempt at Refereeing (1960) Main Characters: Nikita Khrushchev (U.S.S.R), Uncle Sam (U.S.A.), Referee: Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs Howard Green New cold war While the United States and some of its allies have recognized Guaidó as the legitimate president of Venezuela, countries such as Russia and China — which have financial interests in Venezuelan oil — prefer to preserve the status quo with Maduro in power. Cold War Tensions, 1961 The above cartoon, also by Morris, illustrates Cold War conflicts and anxieties from July 27, 1961. This war was unlike other wars in which the two sides never clashed directly in battle. Launch of Sputnik. Frustrated, Attorney General Robert Kennedy (1925–1968) backed legislation introduced by Republican senator Kenneth Keating (1900–1975) of New York to limit federal wiretaps, and to continue the system of various existing state laws. Although Americans arrived to assist the South Vietnamese with military training, they were given permission to return enemy fire. President Kennedy presented a narrowly balanced budget to Congress in January 1962, but it was at risk from those who demanded a balanced budget without forfeiting special tax privileges. Newspaper articles pointed out that while African Americans were registering to vote in record numbers, the apathy of white voters kept the turnout low. Talburt primarily depicted domestic politics especially issues related to taxes and government spending. Block published primarily in the Washington Post, but also they were syndicated in other newspapers. Ink brush, graphite, and opaque white with overlay over graphite underdrawing. Legal | Reagan escalated the Cold War, accelerating a reversal from the policy of détente which had begun in 1979 after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Herblock portrays Kennedy as a guitarist, suggesting that he needs stronger action in the shotgun held by the president’s cowboy sidekick. Document 8: On November 3, 1969, President Nixon outlined his Vietnamization policy on national television. Cold War Political Cartoons. Ink brush, graphite, and opaque white over graphite underdrawing. Published in the Washington Post, March 15, 1962. Donate Rather than depict missiles pointed at the United States, Herblock shows his famous character, Mr. Atom, blaming the failure of the Geneva disarmament negotiations for the Cuban Missile Crisis. The mid-term elections tested the popularity of the president’s programs, and, in the case of Texas, pitted Johnson’s conservative Democrats (who won) against the liberal Kennedy supporters. | Cartoon shows the Soviet representive to the United Nations, Andrei Vishinski, spraying Vichy (i.e. The disarmament talks in Geneva did not go well and the doomsday clock ticked closer to midnight, signaling the increased likelihood of nuclear war. Answer the questions that are above the image. The Chinese communes referred to in this 1961 cartoon are most closely associated with the. Jobs | Tags: Question 7 . It also can be used to describe an informal trend or moveme… 30 seconds . Ink brush, graphite, and opaque white over graphite underdrawing. Congress began to enact limits on debt in 1917, when the United States needed to finance World War I. Influenced by British economist John Maynard Keynes, Kennedy argued that tax reform was essential to move the economy out of stagnation. Students can find cartoons following the collapse of the USSR and see the changes and issues facing the new country. 14. Directions: Write a brief description of the 5 political cartoons below on either paper or on Notability. The National Security Archive is proud to have had the opportunity to make a substantial contribution to the Cold War series. Cold War--Caricatures and cartoons. Q. His administration successfully enforced desegregation at the University of Mississippi. Additionally, it was important to stop the 'Red Scare' encouraged by people like Senator McCarthy, and focus on more important issues like education and science. Herbert L. Block Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (007.02.00) [Digital ID # LC-DIG-hlb-05571] © Herb Block Foundation, Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/herblock-looks-at-1962.html#obj007. Herbert L. Block Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (008.02.00) [Digital ID # LC-DIG-hlb-05715] © Herb Block Foundation, Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/herblock-looks-at-1962.html#obj008. The men begrudgingly accept African American suffrage while implying that they can still prevent passage of Civil Rights legislation. Other Foreign News. Responding to the introduction of the Twenty-fourth Amendment intended to eliminate poll taxes and improve voting opportunities for African Americans, Herblock depicted B. Everett Jordan, a senator from North Carolina and chairman of the Senate Rules Committee, speaking to a stereotypical southern voter. Here, Herblock portrays a congressman bemused by the attempt to put a lid on the growing debt. The outbreak of the Cold War was due to the different ways of thinking i.e. Their support permitted the Democratic Party to hold sway in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. “Leaving Religion to Private Initiative Is Un-American.” Published in the Washington Post, June 28, 1962. Students could research leaders depicted in the cartoons and their role in the breakup of the USSR. Many political cartoons at the time depicted the USSR as a bear. Kennedy’s “tax reform” oar offered the incentive of tax cuts to balance modification of privileges. At home, he attempted to implement new policies that met with partisan opposition: assisting the unemployed, passing a jobs bill, and creating Medicare. Published in the Washington Post, October 25, 1962. Ink brush, graphite, and opaque white over graphite underdrawing. Government Involvement in Comics and Cartoons 72 Depictions of the Enemy 78 CHAPTER 3: THE COLD WAR ERUPTS, AND COMICS— MOSTLY—TOE THE LINE (1945-1962) 83 The Post–World War II Years 84 Historical Comics of the Cold War and Korea 90 Dr. Wertham and the Comics Code 102 War and Patriotic Comics Under the Code 105 Let 'Em Vote for Congressmen—Long As We Can Keep the Congressmen from Voting for Them. Herbert L. Block Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (010.03.00) [LC-DIG-hlb-05752] © Herb Block Foundation, Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/herblock-looks-at-1962-part2.html#obj010_3. Published in the Washington Post, October 9, 1962. Herbert L. Block Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (009.03.00) [LC-DIG-hlb-05707] © Herb Block Foundation, Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/herblock-looks-at-1962-part2.html#obj009_3. Much of Kennedy's two years and ten months in office were dominated by foreign policy concerns, most of which were Cold War related. Ink brush, graphite, and opaque white over graphite underdrawing. Supreme Court’s Helping Hands, 1969 In this July 13, 1969, drawing by AP artist Ed Hodgins, a white hand reaches to grasp a black hand as a depiction of the Supreme Court's edict to make integration immediate. He also sided publicly with the Supreme Court ruling against school prayer. Kennedy persuaded Congress to stimulate the stagnant economy by ordering tax cuts. Here, Herblock likens nuclear testing to alcoholism, with a drunken Soviet premier, Nikita Khrushchev, offering another round to President John F. Kennedy, who also appears to have over imbibed. During the Cold War, which event occurred last? In Frances Saunders book The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters (Who Paid the Piper?in England), she mentions a policy developed in the 1950s called Militant Liberty. Press | answer choices . Graphic Artist/ Layout Specialist: Sandra Abraham. Herblock reused this cartoon during the 1976 election, with minor modifications. The Kennedy administration vowed to tighten campaign funding laws and proposed tax incentives to encourage small private donations to election campaigns, thereby reducing the reliance on a few wealthy contributors. In 1962, the second year of his presidency, John F. Kennedy (1917–1963) used his executive authority to impose economic and social change in the United States. socialism and capitalism. Tick—Tock—Tick—, 1962. “Wait a Minute—That's Not What I Had in Mind.” Published in the Washington Post, January 19, 1962. Herblock uses the doomsday clock to symbolize the urgency of the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962. Ink brush, graphite, and opaque white over graphite underdrawing. Published in the Washington Post, April 4, 1962. At the Seeking bipartisan support, Kennedy played the moderate, asking Congress to “move America ahead.” As Herblock suggests, he met with stiff resistance in Congress even though the Democratic Party dominated both the House and Senate, here represented by two vultures. Using the political strategy known as brinkmanship, both sides stockpiled weapons while pushing each other toward the brink of war. After All, It Doesn’t Have to Be a One-Way Street, Son, Let’s Not Be Too Dogmatic About This, It Doesn’t Hold Him Down, But It Annoys Hell Out of Him, Just a Few More Shots and Then We Can Go On the Wagon Again, I May Still Have to Rely on Reckless Inaction. Among the measures President John F. Kennedy sought in his 1962 legislative agenda were aid to the unemployed and the creation of a jobs bill. The political cartoon pictured below is titled "Modern Colossus of (Rail) Roads," and was drawn in 1879. Comic books and the Cold War, 1946-1962 : essays on graphic treatment of communism, the code and social concerns ... strips, etc. Published in the Washington Post, April 12, 1962. “It Doesn’t Hold Him Down, But It Annoys Hell Out of Him,” 1962. The National Security Archive is a non-governmental, non-profit organization founded in 1985 by a group of journalists and scholars who sought a centralized home for formerly secret U.S. government documentation obtained under the Freedom of Information Act. The cartoon at right, copyrighted 1962 by Edmund S. Valtman and published in the Hartford Times, illustrates the United States demands to the U.S.S.R. for removal of nuclear weapons from Cuba. Herblock depicted the fight over tax reform in 1962 as a process that inflicted pain across party lines in Congress. A cynical Herblock portrayed members of Congress as elderly legislators focused on returning home to run for reelection and refusing to pass the legislation proposed by President Kennedy. Republican and southern Democrat lawmakers had not acted on bills for Medicare, youth employment, mass transit subsidies, and agriculture. Party donkey and the backroom negotiations that went into running for office the tense relationship the... In both the House and Senate to agree on the Wagon Again, ” 1962 cowboy.. Given permission to return enemy fire War Tensions, 1961 the above cartoon, also by Morris illustrates. Spraying Vichy ( i.e ) water ( labeled `` NYET '' ) in the Post! By the Soviet Union accept African American suffrage while implying that they Can Still prevent passage of Rights. What Cold War Tensions, 1961 the above cartoon, herblock alludes to the War. Rail ) Roads, '' and was drawn in 1879 this 1961 are! 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