Despite his heroics and great leadership, Agamemnon was a casualty of unfortunate events in his family which were based on treachery, rape, murder and incest. No matter that Clytemnestra had another man. There are several reasons throughout myth for such wrath: in Aeschylus' play Agamemnon, Artemis is angry for the young men who will die at Troy, whereas in Sophocles' Electra, Agamemnon has slain an animal sacred to Artemis, and subsequently boasted that he was Artemis' equal in hunting. And it happened to be king Agamemnon who led his people into battle. On his return home he was murdered by his wife and her lover. Agamemnon then led his men into a battlefield, filled them with good positive morale and himself fought bravely. Agamemnon is the older brother of Menelaus, whose wife Helen was stolen by a Trojan prince, thus igniting a decade-long war. They set their si… There are several reasons throughout myth for such wrath: in Aeschylus' play Agamemnon, Artemis is angry for the young men who will die at Troy, whereas in Sophocles' Electra, Agamemnon has slain an animal sacred to Artemis, and subsequently boasted that he was Artemis' equal in hunting. After the Greeks sack a city allied with Troy, Agamemnon … Driven by an all-encompassing lust for power and glory, the king of Mycenae rallied the many kingdoms of Achaea against Troy, determined to raze the fabled city to … The war is one of the most important events in Greek mythology and has been narrated through many works of Greek literature, most notably Homer's Iliad. His father Atreus murdered the children of his twin brother Thyestes, after finding out his adultery with his wife Aerope. It was prophesied that the Nereid Thetis, were she to ever concieve, would give birth to a son who would become even greater than his father. Agamemnon took Cassandra, a daughter of Priam, a former king of Troy, as his reward and set sail back to Greece. Briseis was a local woman of great beauty whom Achilles took for himself, after clearing the village in the Trojan lands. According to Greek mythology, Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae, a kingdom of legendary Greece. Agamemnon and Clytemnestra together had four children, one son and three daughters. Though a formidable warrior, and the commander-in-chief of the Greek forces during the Trojan war… This act, which was caused by the gods themselves, led to a war between Greeks and Trojans. He unified the Greek forces against and attacked Troy. The war destroys the Trojans completely, but there is a sense that the victors must suffer for their success. Clytemnestra and her lover (Agamemnon's cousin), killed Agamemnon. Trojan war was a great battle which Agamemnon fought during his lifetime. Agamemnon rallies the troops to attack Troy (aka Ilium), using the oath of Tyndareus. Meanwhile, his wife Clytemnestra was having an affair with no-one else but his foe Aegisthus. The Iliad describes a conflict between Achilles and Agamemnon toward the end of the war. A Greek prophet named Calchas predicted great peril for the Greek forces at sea and warned that if a sacrifice was not made for the Greek goddess, Artemis, their journey would end in disaster. Trojan War Paris (aka Alexander) ‘steals’ Helen from Menelaus. The brothers took refuge at the place of Tyndareus, a king of Sparta, where they married the king's daughters Helen and Clytemnestra. Agamemnon was the King of Mycenae and leader of the Greek army in the Trojan War of Homer ’s Iliad. Furthermore, not all of the citizens of Argos have supported his Trojan campaign. Menelaus, Helen's husband, is lost at sea, and so too is Odysseus, another Greek king whose wanderings Homer recounts in his Odyssey. Atreus even went so far that the murdered children were on the menu of Thyestes for a while. Preparing to depart from Aulis, which was a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. Greek writers generally portray Agamemnon as courageous but also as arrogant and overly proud, flaws that sometimes cause him misfortune and eventually lead to his death. He is presented as a great warrior but selfish ruler, famously upsetting his invincible champion Achilles and so prolonging the war and suffering of his men. A great warrior, he sacrificed his daughter Iphigenia in order to obtain a favorable wind to carry the Greek fleet to Troy. Agamemnon, who wanted to conqueror Troy, lead a coalition of Greek kingdoms to attack Troy. for many characters; however, Clytemnestra suffers the most. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. He became king of Mycenae by driving out his uncle, Thyestes, with the help of King Tyndareus of Sparta. King Agamemnon, ruler of gold-rich Mycenae, at the onset of the Trojan War commanded the largest fleet ever to sail the Aegean sea. He offended Artemis by killing one of her sacred animals and the angry goddess obstructed their departure from Boeotia. Start studying The Iliad. This act, which was caused by the gods themselves, led to a war between Greeks and Trojans. It also marks an interesting parallel to the cause of the Trojan War itself: a dispute over Helen between Menelaus and Paris. It was rumored that Helen—Menelaus’ wife—was abducted, by Paris, Prince of Troy, with the help of Aphrodite. Briseis was a female character who appeared in the tales of Greek mythology during the Trojan War. Misfortunes, including a plag… Agamemnon's son Orestes took revenge by killing Clytemnestra, his mother. The war made him recognisable throughout historical and mythological recordings, even to this day. In The Iliad, Agamemnon was the commander of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. Preparing to depart from Aulis, a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. When Agamemnon came home, he was killed by either Aegisthus or Clytemnestra. Agamemnon and the Trojan War The Trojan War is the legendary (and almost certainly mythical) conflict in which Agamemnon laid siege to Troy in an effort to retrieve Helen, his sister-in-law after she had been taken to Troy by Paris. He led the Greeks in the Trojan War and was murdered by Clytemnestra, his wife, upon his return from Troy. However, later on, as you probably already know, Achilles returned to battle when his closest friend was killed and Agamemnon finally gave up on Briseis and returned her to him. Finally, Agamemnon made peace with Artemis, gathered his army, including two of the finest heroes Odysseus and Achilles, and set sail for Troy. Agamemnon (pronounced a-ga-mem'-non), was the leading king of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. He agreed to join Agamemnon’s war of revenge against Troy, but when Agamemnon forced him to give up the slave woman he had won as a war prize, Achilles became so angry he refused to fight for months. Greek soldiers were becoming more and more reluctant and, as a result of this, he had to sacrifice one of his daughters, called Iphigenia, to the angry goddess. When Agamemnon returned from Troy, he wasn't alone. See more. There are several reasons throughout myth for such wrath: in Aeschylus' play Agamemnon, Artemis is angry for the young men who will die at Troy, whereas in Sophocles' Electra, Agamemnon has slain an animal sacred to Artemis, and subsequently boasted that he was Artemis' equal in hunting. The leader of the Greeks in the Trojan War*, he is one of the central figures in the Iliad, Homer's epic poem about the war. Eventually, Menelaus succeeded Tyndareus in Sparta and with his superior army helped his brother to drove away Thyestes and reclaim his throne in Mycenae. ACHILLES. Chryseis is one of the female characters who appears during the events of the Trojan War in Greek mythology. Upon receiving word of this, Zeus and Poseidon, both of whom had previously tried to court Thetis, arranged for her to be married to a mortal man instead. Possibly meaning "very steadfast" in Greek. Agamemnon gathered the reluctant Greek forces to sail for Troy. The play opens as a watchman joyously recognizes the signal indicating that Troy has fallen, and that Agamemnon will therefore soon be headed home. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War (Greek: Τρωικός Πόλεμος; Turkish: Truva Savaşı) was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta. He had to overcome his first obstacle while still in Greece. He led the Greek expedition to Troy to recover his brother's wife Helen. He brought with him another woman as a concubine, the prophetess Cassandra, who was famous for not having her prophecies believed. Pierre-Narcisse Guérin / Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons. There are several reasons for this: Artemis is angry for the young men who will die at war in Troy, Artemis is angry due to Agamemnon slaying a sacred animal of Artemis, or that he boasted … At the onset of the Trojan War godlike Agamemnon commanded the largest fleet ever to sail the Aegean sea. For a while they enjoyed a decent life, until Paris kidnapped Helen, the wife of his brother Menelaus. There is a legend, which says that Agamemnon’s army had to face the anger of goddess Artemis while departing towards Troy from the port of Boeotia. Agamemnon himself managed to survive but was murdered upon his arrival back to his homeland, by either his wife Clytemnestra whom he married while at Sparta or her lover who happened to be Aegisthus, the son of his uncle Thyestes who fathered him with his own daughter Pelopia. When Helen of Sparta was abducted, Menelaus called upon his brother who became a leader of the Greeks in Trojan war that lasted for ten years. He had to overcome his first obstacle while still in Greece. Greek soldiers were becoming more and more reluctant and, as a result of this, he had to sacrifice one of his daughters, called Iphigenia, to the angry goddess. Clytemnestra also killed Cassandra. It is said that her motives for the crime were jealousy of his new lover Cassandra and her wrath at the sacrifice of Iphigenia, as well as his departure to war over the Helen of Troy. In Greek mythology he was the brother of Menelaus. Agamemnon was a son of Atreus, the husband of Clytemnestra (a daughter of Tyndareus), and the brother of Menelaus, who was the husband of Helen of Troy (Clytemnestra's sister). The king of Argos, and one of the commanders of the Greek fleet. Agamemnon, as a proud man who would do anything to defend his family name, was forced to retaliate and declared war on Troy to rescue Helen. He killed many Trojans until he was finally wounded and forced to withdraw to his camp. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. In the works of art, Agamemnon's depiction resemble and is very similar to the representation of Zeus, the king of the gods. In his early life, there were plenty of things going wrong. Agamemnon Upsets Achilles. The Trojan War is possibly one of the most narrated conflicts in history, but its story resides in the space between fact and fiction, and the mythological occupies as much of a space as the historical. Agamemnon definition, a king of Mycenae, a son of Atreus and brother of Menelaus. When the Trojan prince Paris carried off Helen, wife of his brother Menelaus, Agamemnon called for revenge and led the Greek forces to victory during the Trojan War. It resulted for Achilles withdrawing himself from the battlefield as a revengeful act. Finally arriving at Troy, most of the next nine years was spent in the … And it happened to be king Agamemnon who led his people into battle. This was at least a third strike for Agamemnon as far as Clytemnestra was concerned. Biography of Helen of Troy, Cause of the Trojan War, Non-Canonical Retelling of the Tale of Troy, Summary of the Chapters of Barry Strauss' 'Trojan War: A New History', Profile of the Greek Hero Achilles of the Trojan War, Profile of Ajax: Greek Hero of the Trojan War, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. War godlike Agamemnon commanded the largest fleet ever to sail for Troy and the angry obstructed. 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